BRIEF HISTORY OF MERCEDES-BENZ BRAND

Mercedes-Benz is a brand of premium cars produced by the German concern Daimler AG. Among the top three automakers from Germany, selling the largest number of premium cars in the world.

For a while, two carmakers — Benz and Daimler — developed in parallel. In 1926, they merged into the concern Daimler-Benz.

The birth of the Benz brand dates back to 1886, when Karl Benz created the world’s first three-wheeled vehicle with an internal-combustion engine that runs on gasoline.

He was a talented engineer who already had considerable experience with mechanical machines. Since 1878, Karl Benz has intensively developed a two-stroke engine to create a vehicle without horses.

In 1893, the company “Benz” produced the first four-wheeled cars, created on the basis of a three-wheeled design. They were a bit old-fashioned, but practical, durable and affordable.

Later, Benz began to complete their cars with two-cylinder engines. In 1900, his company faced financial difficulties, so French engineers were invited first, and then German engineers.

Over time, four-cylinder engines began to be installed on cars, and the company’s business went uphill.

During World War II, the concern focused on the production of trucks and cars for the army. The enterprises operated until September 1944, when they were almost completely destroyed as a result of the bombing.

In the postwar years, automotive production was recovering extremely slowly. Therefore, company built mainly already outdated models. The first car released after the war was the subcompact W136 sedan with a 38-horsepower engine. Then came the W191 with an enlarged body and the 80-strong W187, which was later renamed to 220. By 1955, the release of models 170 and 220 reached such volumes that the company could count on successful and uninterrupted activity in the future.

Against the background of financial and engineering problems associated with military destruction, the brand has never forgotten its ambitions as a manufacturer of luxury cars.

In November 1951, during the Paris Motor Show, a representative limousine 300 debuted with a powerful six-cylinder, 3-liter engine with overhead camshaft. Due to the bright appearance, high-quality manual assembly, the presence of radio, telephone and other technical innovations, the model was a huge success with politicians, celebrities and major businessmen.

In the late 1950s, a family of cars appeared, called “fins” because of the characteristic body design elements borrowed from American cars. They differed elegant lines, spacious interior and increased by 35% of the area of glazing, which improved the visibility of the car.

In 1999, the company buys a tuning company AMG, which becomes its division for the production of more expensive versions of cars for sports driving.

In 2000, new classes appear, among which there are also SUVs that are gaining popularity. So, the extended GL-class appeared with three rows of seats and a capacity of 7 to 9 people.

In the 2000s, the cars of the C, S and CL class families were upgraded, and the automaker’s model range expanded significantly. The company develops the direction of environmentally friendly transport, as well as improving the technological “stuffing” of its cars, to continue to occupy a leading position in the automotive market when the next revolution in the development of vehicles comes.

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